Home

Pronounce Tai ji quan

Learn to pronounce typical Taijiquan and Qigong phrases in Mandarin Chinese by listening to audio clips. In addition, see the spelling using tonal pinyin for each clip, e.g. tàijíquán (which gives a better idea of pronunciation). Also the Mandarin Characters are displayed, e.g. 太 極 太极拳 ( Taijiquan / Tàijíquán ) (English translation: a kind of traditional Chinese shadowboxing) as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meanin

chinese pronunciatio

  1. The pronunciation in pinyin is written tàijíquán or tai4ji2quan2. Here the english translation of that chinese word and audio file (mp3). English Translation. Tai chi tàijíquán
  2. #24式太極拳動作名称発音練習 #TaijiShuren太極修練⬇️【武術太極拳教室HP】⬇️https://jcwushu.jimdofree.com
  3. 24 Step Taijiquan. 24 form Beijing Style
  4. Tai Ji Quan (pronounced tye gee chuwan) is the formal name for Tai Chi, the ancient Chinese branch of martial arts that uses slow, coordinated movements to improve posture, alignment, proprioception, mobility, balance, concentration and more
  5. Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance What is it? Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance (pronounced tye gee chuwan) is a heavily researched, group-based falls prevention program delivered by trained leaders. Tai Ji Quan is designed to improve strength, balance, mobility, and daily functioning, reducing participants' risk of falling. It represent
  6. Tai chi (simplified Chinese: 太极; traditional Chinese: 太極; pinyin: Tàijí), short for T'ai chi ch'üan or Tàijí quán (太極拳), sometimes colloquially known as Shadowboxing, is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for defense training, health benefits, and meditation

English translation of 太极拳 ( Taijiquan / Tàijíquán ) - a

  1. tjqmbb.org Ti Ji Quan: Moving for Better BalanceAbout: Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance® (TJQMBB) is a research-based balance training program specific..
  2. Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance® (TJQMBB; formally known as Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance®) is an evidence-based fall prevention program derived from a contemporary routine known as Simplified 24-Form Tai Ji Quan (pronounced tye gee chuwan). TJQMBB consists of an 8-form core with built-in practice variations and a subroutine of Tai Ji Quan - Mini Therapeutic Movements®, which, collectively, comprise a set of functional Tai Ji Quan exercises
  3. Word Origin Chinese, literally 'great ultimate boxing', from tái 'extreme' + ji 'limit' + quán 'fist, boxing'
  4. Voice Pronunciation: Click and hear the audio pronunciation multiple times and learn how to pronounce the name Kazoua. If you feel the pronunciation should be better then record pronunciation in your own voice and help others
  5. Relaxation. We instruct relaxation in three levels (or depths is a better way of putting it). Although not directly part of our curriculum to have an understanding of what is expected from total relaxation and the benefit gain for training in this way will assist with the Tai Ji journey you have undertaken. Please read below. Song (Sung) - Relax
  6. Tai Ji Quan... (pronounced tie gee chwan) also known at Tai Chi, is an internal Chinese martial art that provides gentle, healthful exercise for the whole body. The purpose of our club is to provide a support system for group Guang Ping Tai Ji practice sessions and related activities. We are a non-profit organization run strictly by volunteers

How to say Tai chi in Chinese Learn Mandarin Chinese

Translation note: tai chi is pronounced tie-chee but it can also be spelt taiji and pronounced tie-jee. Tai chi quan is the name of the martial art/exercise and is pronounced tie-chee chew-an. Contact u Pronunciation: tai-chee Also Known As: t'ai chi, tai chi chuan, tai chi chih, tai ji juan, tai ji quan, taijiquan, tai ji, taiji, shadow boxing Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life Como pronunciar 太极拳 em chinês. Gravações de áudio em velocidade lenta e normal, transcrição fonética escrita com o alfabeto fonético internacional The term 'Tai chi chuan', which is the name most commonly known in the West, is the pronunciation from Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province in Eastern China. Tai ji quan is the pronunciation from the north of China. Tai ki kung is the pronunciation from the south and is related to the School of Master Ming Wong Tai chi (simplified Chinese: 太极; traditional Chinese: 太極; pinyin: Tàijí), short for T'ai chi ch'üan or Tàijí quán (太極拳), sometimes colloquially known as Shadowboxing, is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for defense training, health benefits, and meditation.. Developed as a martial art, it is practiced for reasons including competitive wrestling, competitive.

【24式太極拳動作名称発音練習】24SHI TAI JI QUAN practice in

Pronunciation of Taiji with 3 audio pronunciations, 1 synonym, 1 meaning, 4 translations and more for Taiji. tai-ji 0 rating Tàijí), short for T'ai chi ch'üan or Tàijí quán (太極拳), is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training, its health benefits and medita Taiji, Tai Chi and Taiji Quan. Taiji is the Chinese pronunciation of Taichi. Most westerns accept Taiji as Taichi for its easy pronunciation and as the equivalent of Qi that means life energy. In Chinese, Ji has totally different meaning. Ji means pole, that is the starting and ending point or turning point. Tai is to emphasize and means Very

Quan is commonly translated to mean boxing which is wrong. The correct way to pronounce Tai Chi is Taiji. Tai Chi is a non-aggresive martial art that teaches you to understand yourself. Tai Chi focuses on grace, harmony and self control (inner peace.) Taiji is continuous and ever flowing, unrestrained and expressive The orientation of the class are on the first and second classes. The basic concepts of what is Tai Ji Quan (q pronounced ch), Flow, Soft, and Centering, thus making possible each movement a whole body movement will be discussed during this period Tai chi definition is - an ancient Chinese discipline of meditative movements practiced as a system of exercises

The Ideogram for Tai Chi and the True Hidden Meaning of the Characters. The Characters for Tai Chi ( Tai Ji ) are as follows: Tai is usually referred to as great or supreme. Chi can be referred to as ultimate. Together the ideogram has come to mean Supreme Ultimate. Why it is supreme ultimate is hidden inside each character and those characters. Tai Ji Quan (tai chi chuan) in Brussels. Pierre 15 octobre 2020 18 mars 2021 Divers. If you are looking for genuine tai ji lessons, here we are. His students can also express the real inside energy called Qi (Chi), pronounced: Tshee. We give group taiji courses in Brussels and Louvain-La-Neuve (Brabant). We also teach within companies.

24 form names - taichituition

Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance® is an evidence-based fall prevention program derived from a contemporary routine known as Simplified 24-Form Tai Ji Quan (pronounced tye gee chuwan). TJQMBB consists of an 8-form core with built-in practice variations and a subroutine of Tai Ji Quan - Mini Therapeutic Movements®, which, collectively. Tai Chi Chuan = Tai Ji Quan. Taijiquan is how most of my Chinese friends write the words. Tai means something large or Supreme. Ji or Chi has 27 different meanings in Chinese. The word used here means Ultimate as in an ultimate force of the universe. Quan, pronounced, shwahn, and in Cantonese is spelled Chuan, is typical to the ending of most Chinese Kung Fu styles: it means. 五行太極拳 is a certain school or style of Tai Chi (Taiji). The characters literally mean Five Elements Tai Chi Fist. Notes: In Taiwan, it would be Romanized as Wu Hsing Tai Chi Chuan - see the standard Mandarin method above in the gray box (used in mainland China and the official Romanization used by the Library of Congress) shadowboxing or Taiji, T'aichi or T'aichichuan / traditional form of physical exercise or relaxation / a martial art. the Absolute or Supreme Ultimate, the source of all things according to some interpretations of Chinese mythology. Hong Taiji (1592-1643), eighth son of Nurhaci 努爾哈赤|努尔哈赤, reigned 1626-1636 as Second Khan of. Welcome to pronouncekiwi. Some example pronunciation pages: How to pronounce peaceful, how to pronounce magic, how to pronounce truly. Below are the top facts of last week. Pseudoryx nghetinhensis. Pseudoryx nghetinhensisis the Saola's or Asian Unicorn's scientific name! This creature is thought to have less than 500 left of its species. Verelst

Tai Ji Quan for Better Mobility Reflections Magazine

Überprüfen Sie die Übersetzungen von 'Tai Ji Quan' ins Japanisch. Schauen Sie sich Beispiele für Tai Ji Quan-Übersetzungen in Sätzen an, hören Sie sich die Aussprache an und lernen Sie die Grammatik Sung, Peng, Lu, Ji and An are considered to be primary physical jig energies in Tai Chi Chuan. Sung Jin. Tai Chi is one of the more deadly self defense methods out there. Softness is one of the key reasons Tai Chi is so deadly. Soft is power. Any tension in the body cuts off power. The softer you are the more power you can get to the end of.

Taijitu definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. Look it up now Tai Ji Quan is a viable antihypertensive lifestyle therapy that produces clinically meaningful blood pressure (BP) reductions among individuals with hypertension. Such magnitude of BP reductions can lower the incidence of cardiovascular disease by up to 40%. Tai Ji Quan as Antihypertensive Lifestyle Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Includes Information on the Sun Style of Tai Ji Quan, Ba Gau Zhang, Xing Yi Quan, Swordsmanship, and Qigong . A Note to Readers: The Cloud Hands website has been online continuously since 2001. In this past year, 2007, over 1,041,000 webpages (excluding graphics) were served to readers around the world from the Cloud Hands website Martial Arts: Taiji Boxing. Taijiquan (often called Tai Chi) is a wonder exercise for health, but it is a serious disciple. In order to gain real benefits you have to train diligently daily and persevere for decades. We go beyond just Taiji exercise, we believe in the Taiji boxing aspects in all the areas the lineage holders have passed down

Written By Tim Cartmell. T ai Ji Quan is considered to be one of the internal styles of Chinese martial art, and is the most widely practiced martial art in the world today. The term Tai Ji refers to the ancient Chinese cosmological concept of the interplay between two opposite yet complementary forces (Yin and Yang) as being the foundation of creation Otherwise called Guanyin, Quan'Am (Vietnam), Kannon (Japan), typically portrayed, Quan Yin, and Kanin (Bali), She is the embodiment of compassionate, loving-kindness. In Japanese Buddhism, the Bodhisattva name is pronounced Kan'on (Kannon) or, more formally, Kanzeon. As the Bodhisattva of Compassion, She hears the cries of all beings Instead, both tai chi and qi gong are martial arts that can help your circulation, balance, and alignment. They can also help restore your energy, called chi or qi (pronounced chee). The low. In der Tai Chi und Qi Gong Schule von Yuan Li Hong lerne ich seit Oktober 2000 Tai Ji Quan. I'm learning Tai Ji Quan since October 2000 at Yuan Hong Li's Tai Chi and Qi Gong School. Englisch lerne ich erst seit circa einem Jahr Tai Ji Quan (pronounced Tye Gee Chuwan) contains 24 one hour sessions that teach 8 Tai Chi forms and other therapeutic moves to improve an individual's balance and stability. The program is a gentle form of physical activity ideal for seniors who have uncertain balance and a fear of falling

Tai Ji Quan: (pronounced: tie-gee-chwan) Moving for Better Balance (TJQ) Fact Sheet Evidence - Based • Implemented previously • Evaluated by researchers and found to make positive differences • Utilize proven strategies • Provided by local organizations • Accept participant referrals Classe However, relatively little is known about the combined clinical effectiveness of these traditional exercises. This study was designed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the overall effect of 3 common TCEs (Tai Ji Quan, Qigong, Ba Duan Jin) on glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes

According to the Tai Ji Tang Lang tradition, shifu Jiang Hua Long mixed tang lang quan with plum flower boxing and created the style Tai Ji Mei Hua Tang Lang Chuen. Jiang Hua Long died in 1924/6. Page Updated: 1st June 2003. If you have comments please contact me !! Fernando Blanco Dopazo . Return to the chart pag Überprüfen Sie die Übersetzungen von 'Tài Jiǎ' ins Japanisch. Schauen Sie sich Beispiele für Tài Jiǎ-Übersetzungen in Sätzen an, hören Sie sich die Aussprache an und lernen Sie die Grammatik Directed by Hsueh-Li Pao. With Wo-fu Chen, Szu Shih, Hung Wei, Shen Chan. When not studying Tai Chi under the tutelage of Old Yeung, Ku Ding works as part of a crew building roads. When he and his colleagues are cheated out of half their money by corrupt foreman Tang Hoi Hay (acting on behalf of his boss Master Jin), Wu Bing Lien protests on behalf of the group, only to get a beating for his.

Tai Ji quan, from it's physical movements to the theory behind the whole practice, is closely related to the ancient Chinese philosophical book I(pronounced ee) Ching. Although the book explains the philosophy behind everything in this universe, Tai Ji quan turned those words into lively actions performed by the human body, though physical. Start studying Human Ingeunity. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools

Tai chi - Wikipedi

Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance - YouTub

Xing Yi Quan — Chinatown Internal Arts. Like all internal arts, Xing Yi Quan (pronounced Shing Ee Chuan) implements synchronized body motions to generate explosive power, intended to overwhelm the opponent with simultaneous attacks and defenses. Where Xing Yi chuan differs from its sister arts is that there is a greater emphasis on. Tai Chi - Tai chi, short for T'ai chi ch'üan, or Tai ji quan, is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its health benefits. The term taiji refers to a philosophy of the forces of yin and yang, related to the moves

Evidence-Based Program: Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better

Video: t-ai-chi-ch-uan noun - Definition, pictures, pronunciation

Kazoua Meaning, Pronunciation, Origin and Numerology

  1. d
  2. The teachings and story of Lao Tzu identify the truth of every small thing that is inside and shares a common course, ultimately it being the way of the Dao. This is the true meaning of our inspiration and the freedom to achieve it, under the laws of nature one can find the paradox of Yin and Yang in everything
  3. e: L'association AIX TAI CHI a suivi scrupuleusement les règles sanitaires.. En présentiel ou en distanciel, tous les cours ont été dispensés, toutes les pratiques ont été réalisées, tous les stages ont eu lieu. Cela a été possible avec l'énergie débordante de nos enseignants et de nos adhérents
  4. 太极 ( Taiji / Tàijí ) (English translation: tai chi) as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meaning OK This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website
  5. The Qi (which sounds like chi) is in itself a misnomer. A more approximate pronunciation of 太极 is Tai zhji. 'Zheng zi tai ji quan san shi qi shi' -- subject(s): Tai chi, Exercise

Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages Taijitu synonyms, Taijitu pronunciation, Taijitu translation, English dictionary definition of Taijitu. n two complementary principles of Chinese philosophy: Yin is negative, dark, and feminine, Yang positive, bright, and masculine Le Tai Ji Quan de la voie Intérieure, Centre Pierre Boogaerts, Revue nos 12 et 13, Canada, mai 1992. www.artduchi.com A systematic review of the effectiveness of Tai Chi on fall reduction among.

tai. dao. dao [tɑʊ̯] ㄉㄠ. tao ji. ji [tɕi] ㄐㄧ. chi. jia. jia All content on the Chinese Pronunciation Wiki ©2015-2020 AllSet Learning, and may not be used for commercial purposes or without attribution. For more information on how to legally use this content, please see our Creative Commons license unless otherwise noted Pinyin: Chinese pronunciation - 4 tonesClick on the syllable you would like to learn to pronounce Master Han xing Qiao was born in Shanghai, China in 1909. Master Han Qiaos' father,(Han you Sun), was a member of the imperial guards in the forbidden city. He was the personal bodyguard of Teng Hou Zhang. His Kung Fu background was diverse, but he was noted as a Ba Ji Quan stylist. The elder Read Mor

Tai Chi Chi Kung 18 Movements. The Taiji Qigong 18 Exercises (also known as Shibashi) is a series of simple, yet highly effective qigong exercises which are accessible to all age and physical abilities.. Taiji Qigong helps to stimulate positive, healing energies through the meridians allowing the practitioner to feel refreshed an invigourated T'ai Chi Chuan- 太極拳 - tai ji quan - grand ultimate fist or boxing Ta Toys- 抬腿 - tai tui - lit. lift leg Teit Lohan- 鐵羅漢 - tie luo han - lit. iron arhat - iron buddha Tiet Sau- 鐵手 - tie shou - iron hand Token- 道拳 - dao quan - lit. way of the fist - forms or kata

Relaxation - The Art of Tai Ji Qua

不允许任何以商业为目的或不注明归属 Chinese Pronunciation Wiki ©2015-2020 AllSet Learning 的内容引用。关于合法使用此内容的更多信息,请参阅我们的知识共享权限条款(Creative Commons license)。. All content on the Chinese Pronunciation Wiki ©2015-2020 AllSet Learning, and may not be used for commercial purposes or without attribution Tai Chi Chuan (Taijiquan) is an ancient Chinese internal or soft martial art often practised for its health-giving and spiritual benefits; it is non-competitive, gentle, and generally slow-paced. One hour of Tai Chi actually burns more calories than surfing and as many calories as table tennis, so even though it won't help you burn many calories in comparison to high-energy workouts like. The difference between Tai Chi and Qigong by Great Grand Master Kellen Chia October 23, 2011 Overview Tai Chi and Qigong are ancient practices that have led to improved health, fitness, wellbeing and longevity for countless individuals up to the present time. They both cultivate the Qi, also spelt Chi -- the life energy that flows through the body's energy pathways -- by combining movement. A line of people or animals fastened together, especially a chain of prisoners or slaves. 1816, Mungo Park, Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa: The people of the coffle spent the day in drying such articles as were wet, and in cleaning ten pairs of ornamented pistols with shea-butter. 1982, TC Boyle, Water Music, Penguin 2006, p. 173: If the. 18. tai chi. Tai chi is a slow, meditative martial arts exercise. It comes from the Chinese name for this practice, 太 极 拳 (tài jí quán), or shadow boxing. 19. yin and yang. In Taoist philosophy, yin and yang represent two balancing forces in the universe. Yin is the dark force, and represents feminine quality

Cape Cod Guang Ping Tai Ji Quan Clu

tai chi (tai chi chuan, Tai Ji, tai ji chuan, Tai Ji Juan, tai ji quan): Variation of self-healing. Tai chi is an ancient, yoga-like Chinese system of ballet-like exercises designed for health, self-defense, and spiritual development. Practicing tai chi supposedly facilitates the flow of chi (life energy) through the body by dissolving. Tai chi chuan, (Chinese: supreme ultimate fist) Pinyin taijiquan, Wade-Giles romanization t'ai chi ch'uan, also called tai chi, or Chinese boxing, ancient and distinctive Chinese form of exercise or attack and defense that is popular throughout the world. As exercise, tai chi chuan is designed to provide relaxation in the process of body-conditioning exercise and is drawn from the.

Taiji Definition Mandarin Chinese Pinyin English

Mandarin Chinese Phonetics - Third Edition - On this page I will try to describe the phonetics of Mandarin Chinese so simple that a beginner student should be able to grasp the basics, but still detailed enough to be of help for more experienced students that want to get a better understanding of the forming of the sounds Wrong! There is another marital art system that not only shares the same principles and philosophy as Tai Ji Quan, but it is outwardly simpler yet relies more on one's focus and concentration. This exercise is called Ba Gua Zhang (also referred to as Bagua or BGZ and pronounced as bah gwah jang) By 1970, as Eastern medicine became more pronounced, Qigong became more widespread. Some scholars credit the Taoist monk Chang San-Feng with the development of Tai Chi in the 12th Century A. D. There are other authorities who say the art was developed at a another time Bajiquan positioning. Bājíquán (traditional Chinese: 八極拳; Bājíquán; literally eight extremes fist; Japanese: 八極拳, Hakkyokuken) is a Chinese martial art that features explosive, short range power and is famous for its elbow strikes.It originated in Hebei Province in Northern China, but is also well-known in other places today, especially Taiwan Chinese is very different from other languages that use alphabet, because the written form is not directly linked to the pronunciation. In order to provide a phonetic way to express the sounds of Chinese and also for using dictionaries, Chinese linguists have drafted the Scheme for the Chinese Phonetic Alphabet

Tai-chi style Chen — Wikipédi

A Chinese romanization system would thus be a method of using the Roman alphabet to pronounce Chinese characters (or hanzi) used in Chinese languages. Although the Chinese language has many dialects (examples: Cantonese, Hakka, Shanghainese, and Minnan), the official one is based on the pronunciation in Beijing, China Qi means life force, the energy that powers our body and spirit. Gong is the term meaning work or gather. Qi Gong together means a form of movement and mind using intention and mindfulness to guide qi to make qi work. Qi gong is often referred to as the 'internal' portion of tai chi, explains Morrill Erle Montaigue 1949-2011. Born in 1949 in a small mining village about 50 miles south of. Sydney in New South Wales Australia. Born by Caesarean Section, his Mother actually watched in a large mirror over head as they cut her open to lift him out. Erle's two siblings were still born due to the umbilical cord strangling them and Erle was also in.

Tai chi tu - definition of Tai chi tu by The Free Dictionar

The 24 posture Simplified Form of Tai Chi Chuan, sometimes called the Beijing form for its place of origin, is the result of an effort by the Chinese Sports Committee which, in 1956, brought together four tai chi teachers to create a simplified form of tai chi as exercise for the masses Gideon Enz, in Energy Medicine East and West, 2011. Qi and taiji quan. The martial art of taiji quan (), pronounced 'taaee chee chwaan', is more commonly known outside of China than is qigong.In recent times, taiji quan (often called taiji or tai chi) has been taught primarily as a health-promoting exercise practice.However, taiji quan, which literally translates as 'supreme ultimate. Truyện tranh được xem nhiều nhất. 1. Cuộc sống hai mặt của giáo sư. Cuộc sống về đêm của vị giáo sư thân thiện, tốt bụng sẽ ra sao? 2. Ác nữ trùng sinh. Nữ hầu tước mưu trí quay ngược thời gian để ngăn chặn người anh trai tàn bạo. 3. Lady to queen Tạo một tài khoản hoặc đăng nhập Instagram - Một cách đơn giản, thú vị và sáng tạo để ghi lại, chỉnh sửa và chia sẻ ảnh, video và tin nhắn với bạn bè và gia đình Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance™ (TJQMBB; formally known as Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance) is an evidence-based fall prevention program derived from a contemporary routine known as Simplified 24-Form Tai Ji Quan (pronounced tye gee chuwan)

12 Best Tai Chi Exercises BONUS Daily Taiji Warmup

Translingual: ·Kangxi radical #39, ⼦.··† child; offspring 不康禋祀,居然生子。 [Classical Chinese, trad. and simp.]From: The Classic of Poetry, circa 11th - 7th centuries BCE, translated based on James Legge's version Bù kāng yīn sì, jū rán shēng zǐ. [Pinyin] Had He not accepted her pure offering and sacrifice, So that thus. pán dòu lǜ yún shàng gǔ yì , wàng sī tái xià shǐ rén chóu 。 jiāng chōng dé jì tài zǐ sǐ , rì mù lì yuán fēng yǔ qiū

In Classical Northern Wu Style Tai Ji Quan by Tina Chunna Zhang and Frank Allen, the authors say that the development of relaxed eyesight is a special training method of taijiquan. The concept is to simply let images come into your eyes and stop projecting vision out to the images Interactive Pinyin Chart to master Chinese pronunciation. Complete with audio demonstrations and video explanations for English speakers The Dead or Alive Tournament Executive Committee, also known as DOATEC for short (pronounced Doh-A-TECH), is a formerly international weapons research and development now a fully entertainment company, that presides over the Dead or Alive Tournaments. Before Dead or Alive 5, DOATEC served as the antagonistic role in the series, with the tournaments formerly acting as a proving ground for. Tai Chi is one of the best known martial arts of the Internal systems from ancient China. Based on Qigong and martial art techniques from thousands of years ago, Chen Wangting developed the Chen Style Tai Chi around 1670. It is characterised by contrasting and complimentary movements-slow and soft versus fast and hard